There are various reasons people take CBD oil, topping that list are “health benefits”. The side-effects and benefits of CBD oil on the body ranges from mild to severe depending on the dosage and concentration of CBD in the product used.
This article will examine the positive and negative effects of CBD oil and how it interacts with the body.
How Does CBD Oil work?
When you ingest CBD oil, it travels through the body, attaching to several end points known as endocannabinoid receptors. These receptors regulate how our body processes pain, coordination and movement, emotions, mood, appetite, memory, sleep and other functions.
Summary of CBD oil effects
- Chronic pain relief
- Ease anxiety
- Promotes relaxation in stressed individuals
- Ease opiate withdrawal symptoms
- Stimulates Appetite
- Helps break nicotine addiction
- Can cause drowsiness
- Can cause dryness of mouth
The positives of CBD oil
People looking to ease joint pain and general body discomfort usually find CBD oil very effective in that regard. The analgesic property of CBD oil is because of its ability to bind with the body’s endocannabinoid receptors. These receptors are responsible for several body functions and when CBD interacts with them, it helps the body heal and recover by suppressing some processes and signals in the brain.
Anxiety and panic attacks are adaptive safety responses that can be triggered at any time. People suffering from these two will benefit from the nerve soothing effect of CBD oil. It also helps promote relaxation for those that are restless, fatigued and stressed at work.
In the process of producing sebum to protect the skin from the outside world, the sebaceous glands can easily overwork themselves, trap dead cells and get blocked causing an inflammation. CBD helps regulate the production of sebum, and its anti-inflammatory properties prevent further inflammations in the sebaceous glands.
There have been many studies on CBD antidepressant-like effect. While it doesn’t cure depression, it has been significant in improving the symptoms and the individual’s quality of life. Unlike pharmaceutical drugs prescribed to help treat or manage depression, CBD has none of the side effects these drugs have, such as mood swings, sleeplessness, and sexual dysfunction.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas making it inflamed and either cease to produce insulin or produce too little insulin for the body.
According to a research performed on mice, CBD anti-inflammatory properties may help ease this inflammation in the pancreas. Though more research is needed to confirm this discovery, it is an important step in the fight to eliminate the disease.
A review published in Neurotherapeutics shows that CBD may be useful for treating people with opiate addiction disorder.
The problem with using opioid for pain relief is that they stimulate opioid receptors in the cardio-respiratory centers of the brain (which can be fatal), the body builds a tolerance to the drug and there is a high possibility of addiction.
CDB eases many of the symptoms associated with substance use; symptoms that lead to dependency on the drug, such as insomnia, pain, anxiety and mood-related symptoms.
Improves cardiac health
There are various causes of cardiovascular problems, with lifestyle being a major influencer. A healthy diet and a workout regime are effective ways to prevent such a condition from occurring or progressing further.
Research so far has shown that CBD’s vasorelaxation and anti-inflammatory properties helps increase blood circulation and oxygen supply to the heart, reduced blood pressure within the arteries and the volume of blood pumped per beat.
Nicotine is often as addictive as heroin and cocaine. It stimulates the release of dopamine (a powerful neurotransmitter) in the pleasure circuits of the brain. Once a person is addicted to nicotine, their brain continually craves the nicotine so more dopamine will be released and give them those intense pleasurable sensations again.
CBD oil can help those that want to quit smoking. A study done with habitual smoker found that participants who vaped CBD oil smoked fewer sticks of cigarettes than they normally would.
Post chemotherapy treatment
People undergoing cancer treatment usually experience nausea and a loss of appetite that makes it difficult to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Although it is still early to make any conclusions about the effectiveness of CBD oil for cancer treatment, CBD may help manage symptoms that appear due to this disease or its treatment.
They can trace a decrease in appetite irrespective of the underlying cause to some chemical pathway or internal system of the body being thrown out of balance. While CBD does not directly stimulate hunger, it helps calm the system down notably in people suffering from anxiety. And less anxious people tend to be more relaxed and willing to eat healthier.
Pilot studies carried out shows promise in using CBD to fight cancer. Researchers found that CBD seem to be effective at blocking cancerous growth in many different type of tumor cell. They also state that the anti-inflammatory activity of CBD could be useful for preventing the development of blood vessels that supply these tumors as well as and promote antiviral activity.
Another interesting finding was that CBD identifies these cancerous cells by the presence of certain molecules, making it harmless to the health cells.
Emerging research shows that CBD can re-adjust abnormal brain activity associated with psychosis to normal levels in people suffering from diseases such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Although it is still not clear how CBD does this, researchers agree it works differently from antipsychotic medication, and thus could open up a new class of treatment.
In patient yet to display full-blown psychotic symptoms, early intervention offers a window for preventive treatment and a possible cure.
The negatives of CBD oil
Though CBD oil is well tolerated by most people, there are a few reported side-effects you should consider before using the product. Note that these effects vary based on dosage consumed.
Some people have reported feeling drowsy after taking CBD oil, although this is usually achieved at high dosage. Patients are advised not to drive or operate machinery that requires high mental coordination
Drop in BP
CBD induces a drop in blood pressure due to its muscle-relaxing property. For those diagnosed with low blood pressure or taking medications that lower blood pressure, a high dose of CBD may be fatal.
Lightheadedness is one of the temporary side-effects of CBD oil. It is mainly due to the drop in blood pressure induced by CBD use. A cup of coffee and water can easily remedy this.
Also referred to as “cottonmouth,” CBD causes dryness in the mouth when it interacts with the endocannabinoid receptor responsible for saliva production. Though it doesn’t pose a health hazard, researchers are yet to pinpoint the exact reasons why this happens.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Research on CBD and pregnancy are few and the data available is far from reliable. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding err on the side of caution and delay CBD use for later.
Interaction with Pharmaceutical Medication
CBD has been proven to interfere with the activity of the liver’s P450 enzyme which is responsible for breaking down many pharmaceutical drugs. Although temporary, it is recommended to talk with your physician if you are on any medication.
The medicinal benefits CBD is a vast untapped field. Though more research is needed to confirm what we know and develop proper treatments, CBD has so far offered more positives than negative effects.
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- Effect of Cannabidiol on People at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis
- Cannabis extract helps reset brain function in psychosis
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- A single dose of cannabidiol reduces blood pressure
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- Report on the effect of CBD on cancer [PDF]
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- Can CBD help break the nicotine habit – Highland Pharms
- Cannabis and cannabinoids — health professional version.